(See What is a Release? and Uploading releases for an introduction.)
Jobs and Packages¶
Each job and package is uniquely identified by its name and fingerprint. A fingerprint is calculated based on the contents of all associated files, their permissions. A release captures set of job and package versions that depend on each other and gives it a name and a version. The CLI also records additional metadata when creating releases such as Git SHA.
For example here is a release description (e.g.
releases/zookeeper/zookeeper-0.0.5.yml) in an example Zookeeper release:
name: zookeeper version: 0.0.5 commit_hash: 9f0bb43 uncommitted_changes: false jobs: - name: smoke-tests version: 840b14bc609483bb03cf87a938bc69e76a6e2d88 fingerprint: 840b14bc609483bb03cf87a938bc69e76a6e2d88 sha1: abafa9fc0c4d35fc818cc55438cbf19bd029a418 - name: zookeeper version: 2b29580fbc390762956826f4cb0d3517b6a01ca9 fingerprint: 2b29580fbc390762956826f4cb0d3517b6a01ca9 sha1: 8087993b361eee28ec779700c60ad26edaa37f0f packages: - name: golang-1.7 version: 482e72c8435a11e1d1c3c25e4ee86ced53cc8739 fingerprint: 482e72c8435a11e1d1c3c25e4ee86ced53cc8739 sha1: 12917d086a9d92d208abfba279acd11aa627eec1 dependencies:  - name: java version: c524e46e61b37894935ae28016973e0e8644fcde fingerprint: c524e46e61b37894935ae28016973e0e8644fcde sha1: a1f0001e124f33ad6c9258e6113a3e730c7e82b9 dependencies:  - name: smoke-tests version: 2a8864e206d64ac968c19c6883b7043cb8d3b880 fingerprint: 2a8864e206d64ac968c19c6883b7043cb8d3b880 sha1: 40d38f6c3cfa4712bfcdca15a67c459a1672a027 dependencies: - golang-1.7 - name: zookeeper version: ca455273c83e828eb50a21d21811684eceda2603 fingerprint: ca455273c83e828eb50a21d21811684eceda2603 sha1: d42e0023eb3d493e165ed0e36ae8643c8bfe535d dependencies:  license: version: e79e93c49714f52c0a231c78d480ea1ca757c8f9 fingerprint: e79e93c49714f52c0a231c78d480ea1ca757c8f9 sha1: 09d28a6f4fc5b6725733add015e79928f7546a32
Job and package names and fingerprints are used throughout the system to identify if certain actions need to be taken. Two primary uses are:
- to determine if packages need to be uploaded to the Director when uploading a release
- to determine if instances need to be updated during a deployment procedure
There exists an implicit trust between a release author and an operator that different release (a different set of jobs and packages) will not be published under the same version. The Director will reject new set of jobs and packages during the upload if it does not match with already uploaded contents.
Sometimes however two different releases (e.g. 1.0.1 and 1.0.3) may end up with exactly same set of jobs and packages. In fact running
bosh create-release command a few times in a row will produce new releases with only version being different (e.g. 1.0.1+dev.0 and 1.0.1+dev.1). Operators should be aware that even if the deployment procedure shows release version changing there is a chance that no instances will be updated. This initially may be a surprising behaviour; however, given that the Director correctly determines that there are no changes to apply to the instances, there is really nothing to do. After the deploy is finished,
bosh deployments command will of course state that new release is used.
Inspecting uploaded releases¶
Once release is uploaded to the Director, it can be inspected via
bosh inspect-release command. It will show names and fingerprints of jobs and packages. It will also show job details such as consumed and provided links.
bosh -e vbox inspect-release zookeeper/0.0.5
Using environment '192.168.56.6' as '?' Job Blobstore ID Digest Links Consumed Links Provided smoke-tests/840b14bc609483bb03cf87a938bc69e76a6e2d88 98a1fb64-9851-4c28-bac5-df8a96d76449 abafa9fc0c4d35fc818cc55438cbf19bd029a418 - name: conn - type: zookeeper zookeeper/2b29580fbc390762956826f4cb0d3517b6a01ca9 97f299f8-7abf-4393-b3db-1bf33880d154 8087993b361eee28ec779700c60ad26edaa37f0f - name: peers - name: conn type: zookeeper_peers type: zookeeper - name: peers type: zookeeper_peers 2 jobs Package Compiled for Blobstore ID Digest golang-1.7/482e72c8435a11e1d1c3c25e4ee86ced53cc8739 (source) d96c7916-d852-4e8a-ab48-404b0be1fdce 12917d086a9d92d208abfba279acd11aa627eec1 ~ ubuntu-xenial/621.74 bb02fe9d-9bc6-46ab-4319-8b68262c76cb b8b55284bc386d279dce1056249f9f511b03e26a java/c524e46e61b37894935ae28016973e0e8644fcde (source) 68e0a834-3da4-4e74-a34e-0452cec61574 a1f0001e124f33ad6c9258e6113a3e730c7e82b9 ~ ubuntu-xenial/621.74 94c5f41b-1167-4a9e-5c25-e8e985baa5c8 e61c93539b557c7f8833dc73aa9dd84fd4a1c7b5 smoke-tests/2a8864e206d64ac968c19c6883b7043cb8d3b880 (source) 18dad544-9a4d-4160-bf5c-bcfc70b103a4 40d38f6c3cfa4712bfcdca15a67c459a1672a027 ~ ubuntu-xenial/621.74 bb48ec91-af8c-4d29-6edd-fcbff4d322fe 52445ef444b0da7a14bf7bb05612c3cbc1de5e29 zookeeper/ca455273c83e828eb50a21d21811684eceda2603 (source) 99911f20-f806-41c6-bd33-8d34d7cd94e3 d42e0023eb3d493e165ed0e36ae8643c8bfe535d ~ ubuntu-xenial/621.74 7c65efb0-9d99-4fe2-6283-157bfd231b18 b9c279eb3a99cc3bc27b6dfe1d6d372d2b86854e 8 packages Succeeded
For debugging command also shows blobstore information (ID and SHA1) for each job and package. The Director uses blobstore references when deploying jobs and compiling packages.
Fixing corrupted releases (experimental)¶
Assuming that somehow the Director blobstore loses referenced asset (job, source or compiled package), it's possible to fix the corrupted asset.
bosh upload-release commmand provides a
--fix flag which allows to reupload same release contents into the Director.
Cleaning up uploaded releases¶
Over time the Director accumulates releases, hence it uses more blobstore space.
Releases can be deleted individually via bosh
Alternatively releases can be cleaned up via bosh
cleanup command, which will delete all unused releases and stemcells except the two most recent versions.
To remove all unused releases, stemcells and orphaned disks at once, use
bosh cleanup --all.